The Federal Government recently announced that it will invest $1.2 billion to support Australian businesses to employ 100,000 new apprentices or trainees as part of Australia’s COVID-19 economic recovery plan.
Weld Australia is calling on the Federal Government to ensure that 30 per cent of all new apprenticeships and traineeships funded through this $1.2 billion investment are offered to women.
According to Geoff Crittenden (CEO, Weld Australia) the Federal Government must set a target to achieve much-needed improvements in the gender composition of Australia’s trades.
“In a post COVID-19 world, irrespective of how much funding the Federal Government invests in training and apprenticeships, Australia’s economy will not recover unless we maintain our industrial, manufacturing and infrastructure sectors. The only way to do this is to broaden our labour pool by attracting women into trades such as welding,” said Crittenden.
“We need a proactive, targetted approach that engages and recruits women into the trades, new and innovative trade training programs designed specifically for women, and measurable gender diversity targets set by the Federal Government.”
“In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, Treasurer Josh Frydenberg has revealed the budget will be in the red by $184.5 billion in 2020-2021, marking the largest deficit since World War II. The participation of women in the industrial sector played a significant role in the World War II economic recovery—it must do so again now,” said Crittenden.
According to the latest job demand data from the National Skills Commission (released in July 2020) around 30 per cent of recruiting employers are having difficulty filling their vacancies. And this is despite relatively low recruitment rates and an increase in the number of job seekers since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. Respondents indicated that ‘lack of applicants’ was the most common problem (mentioned by 44 per cent of employers), followed by ‘applicants lack experience’ (27 per cent), and ‘applicants lack technical skills’ (20 per cent).
This lack of skilled workers is compounded by the fact that over 35 per cent of Australia’s existing welding workforce is aged over 45 years. This heavy proportion of older skilled trade workers, particularly welders, puts into focus the looming issues that industrial sectors are likely to face when baby boomers finally reach retirement age—welding positions will simply become impossible to fill, particularly given the projected increased demand.
In fact, the Australian Government has projected that, to 2024, the number of job openings for structural steel and welding trades will be above average. In some states, advertised vacancies have shown substantial increases over the last few years; Queensland has seen welding trades workers vacancies increase by 87 per cent , Western Australia saw vacancies increase by 80 per cent , and Victoria saw an increase of 18 per cent .
And yet, the number of welding trade workers in Australia dropped by 8 per cent in the course of just five years; from 75,800 in 2014 to 69,600 in 2019. In addition, completion rates of welding apprenticeships, including a Certificate III in Engineering (Fabrication Trade), continue to fall by as much as 23 per cent annually.
At the moment, women account for less than 1 per cent of Australia’s welding and fabricating workforce. This is a staggering statistic. To put this into perspective, on average, women comprise 48 per cent of Australia’s entire workforce.
“This investment by the Federal Government provides a major opportunity to increase the number of female apprentices in the trades, particularly the welding industry. It is the perfect time for women to explore new industries, new career pathways, and new horizons.